Pearls are a very special gift of nature. Not very exciting looking creatures beneath the surface of the water create these wonderful works of art.

In the past, thanks to the invention of pearl breeding by Mikimoto, pearls have become more accessible to us since about a hundred years.

"My goal is that every woman can wear a pearl necklace" Mikimoto is said to have once said - at that time still a fantastically sure dream.

Fortunately for the women the experiment of pearl breeding was successful.

Many legends and myths wrestled with the pearl.

The Indian maharajas liked to hang themselves lavishly with long pearl necklaces, which they often hung on top of each other like scarves in several layers.
Clothes and headdress were richly decorated with the treasures.
The pearl was regarded as a symbol of happiness and wealth.

Greeks and Romans loved the pearl!
The women in Athens and Rome not only wore pearl jewellery, but also decorated their hair with the shimmering pearls.

Queen Elisabeth I is said to have an addiction to pearls. A famous painting shows her in a dress over and over decorated with pearls. Long pearl necklaces hang down from your shoulders and the headdress is also decorated with pearls.

She also wears probably the most famous pearls in the world: they were a gift from Pope Clement VII to Caterina de Medici on the occasion of her wedding to Henry II, later King of France. She gave the pearls to her daughter-in-law Maria, Queen of Scotland. After their arrest, the treasures were allegedly sold to Elizabeth I. Four of the original seven pearls today adorn the Royal Imperial State Crown of the British Crown Jewels.

Another celebrity is "La Peregrina", a particularly large and beautiful pearl which was probably found in the 16th century on the Pacific coast. This, first part of the Spanish throne treasure and wedding present for Maria Tudor, passed through the hands of Napoleon III and Queen Victoria.

In 1969 it was bought by Richard Burton at an auction as a Valentine's gift for Elisabeth Taylor. She performed such a dance of joy that the pearl suddenly disappeared. After she had searched the apartment barefoot, she found it again between the teeth of her Pekinese puppy - fortunately intact!

But do pearls also mean tears?
One of many legends about the origin of pearls says that when Lucifer was banished from heaven, the other angels cried, their tears fell into the sea, were taken up by the shells and thus became pearls from them.
So something sad became something beautiful!
According to this legend, pearls are tears, but they do not promise misfortune.

We distinguish between the following types of pearls:

Orient pearls: all natural pearls (no cultured pearls).

Cultured pearls: A small mother-of-pearl core is inserted into the shell during pearl cultivation. The shell then forms new layers of mother-of-pearl around this core.
Depending on the size of the pearl, this takes 2-3 years on average. With larger pearls clearly more.
The mussels are until then in the bays of the pearl farms and are fed and cleaned. After a few years of service they are left free to reproduce.

With the cultured pearls one distinguishes again in:

Akoya pearls: Japanese salt water cultured pearls. They were the first cultured pearls.
Akoya pearls have their own unique shimmer and a slight yellowish tinge.

Unfortunately, the Akoya population has decreased a lot. This is because of the increasing pollution of the waters, on the other hand because the Japanese mussels should keep up with the larger Chinese and were overloaded in the process and that some years ago in Japan it was considered a trend delicacy to eat the Akoya mussel.
Since one nearly made the Akoyas in this way the Akoyas out, one has learned in addition and now the mussels are better protected. The stocks are slowly recovering.

Thus the Akoya pearl has become very rare and valuable.

Freshwater cultured pearls: the Chinese freshwater mussels are very large and can produce more pearls than other mussels. Due to their habitat in fresh water, they are less endangered by storms and storms than their relatives in the sea.
The natural colour palette ranges from white and champagne to strong pink tones. Freshwater pearls can have a wonderfully brilliant white, but a beautiful lustre is rare and something very special.

Tahiti and South Sea pearls: are the organic eggs among pearls.
Tahitian pearls come from Tahiti (perhaps you've already thought of it), South Sea pearls from the Fiji Islands, for example, or from other areas of the South Seas.

Special breeding conditions apply here.
There are strict quotas on how many pearls can be used and harvested.
The mussels live "freewheeling" (fr
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